Bohemian Shepherd vs German Shepherd: A Brief Chart with Characteristics, Facts & Much More!!!

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When it comes to choosing the perfect canine companion, one is often spoiled for choice. Among the myriad of dog breeds available, the Bohemian Shepherd and the German Shepherd stand out as popular options. These two breeds share some similarities but also exhibit distinct characteristics that cater to different lifestyles and preferences. 

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into every aspect of these breeds, from their origins to their temperament, helping you make an informed choice for your next furry family member.


  • Bohemian Shepherd

This charming breed hails from the Czech Republic, where it has a rich history as a herding dog. The Bohemian Shepherd, also called the Chodsky Pes, is a breed of dog that comes from the western Bohemian area of the Czech Republic. 

The Chodové people were the first to breed Bohemian Shepherds. Known for their strong sense of freedom and for keeping the western Bohemian borders safe. Over many generations, these dogs were purposefully bred to be versatile working dogs. They helped the Chodové with jobs like herding livestock, protecting property, and spending time with their families.

The breed has been around for hundreds of years, so it is part of the cultural past of the Czech Republic. Over time, Bohemian Shepherds got a reputation for being smart, loyal, and flexible, which made them very popular with the local people.

  • German Shepherd

In contrast, the German Shepherd has its roots in Germany, where it was initially bred for herding and guarding livestock. The German Shepherd, also known as the GSD (German Shepherd Dog), has a long and interesting background that began in Germany in the late 1800s. Captain Max von Stephanitz, a German military officer, had the idea and worked hard to make this breed happen.

In the late 1800s, Captain von Stephanitz saw the need for a breed of working dog that could do many different jobs well, such as herding, guarding, and helping the military and police. He wanted a breed that was smart, strong, loyal, and had a strong work ethic.

In 1899, Captain von Stephanitz went to a dog show in Karlsruhe, Germany, which was the first step on his way to making this ideal breed. There, he met Hektor Linksrhein, a working dog who had many of the qualities he was looking for. Hektor was a good dog, so von Stephanitz bought him and renamed him Horand von Grafrath. This was the legal start of the German Shepherd breed.

Recognized as the first German Shepherd, Horand and he was the first of his kind. In 1899, Captain von Stephanitz and his colleagues started the Society for the German Shepherd Dog (SV, or Verein für Deutsche Schaferhunde). This set the standards and breeding rules for the breed.

At the beginning of the 20th century, American soldiers stationed in Germany met the breed. This led to the transportation of the German Shepherd breed to the U.S. The breed has a strong reputation as a great working and service dog because of its amazing skills, loyalty, and bravery.

German Shepherds still help people with disabilities and work as police and military dogs, and search and rescue dogs. They are also well-loved family pets. Known for their desire to protect their owners and their unwavering loyalty to them. 

Physical Characteristics

CharacteristicBohemian ShepherdGerman Shepherd
SizeMedium-sized, 18-23 inches (at the shoulder)Larger, males 24-26 inches, females 22-24 inches (at the shoulder)
CoatThick double coat, medium length, straight or slightly wavyDouble coat with dense, straight, or slightly wavy topcoat and soft undercoat, iconic saddle pattern
EnergyEnergetic, regular exercise needed, enjoys outdoor activitiesHighly energetic, thrives on physical and mental stimulation, excels in agility and obedience
StrengthStrong for size, suited for herding tasksPowerful and muscular, often used in roles like police work
Activity LevelActive, requires regular exercise, daily walks, and playtimeVery active, demands vigorous activities, higher energy levels
Overall HealthGenerally healthy, 12-15 years lifespan, regular vet check-ups neededProne to health issues like hip dysplasia and bloat, 9-13 years lifespan
Natural TendenciesStrong herding instincts, loyal, protectiveProtective instincts, loyalty, excellent guard dogs
Vaccination RequirementsCore vaccinations (rabies, distemper, parvovirus), tailored vaccination scheduleCore vaccinations (rabies, distemper, parvovirus), tailored vaccination schedule
Food RequirementsHigh-quality dog food for balanced nutrition, amount varies by age, activity, and sizeHigh-quality dog food for balanced nutrition, amount varies by age, activity, and size
Apartment-FriendlinessNot ideal for apartments, thrive in homes with spacious yardsNot ideal for apartments, thrive in homes with spacious yards or open areas

Bohemian Shepherd vs. German Shepherd Dog Lifespan

Bohemian Shepherds generally have a longer lifespan, living for approximately 12 to 15 years. German Shepherds, on the other hand, have a slightly shorter lifespan, typically ranging from 9 to 13 years.

Bohemian Shepherd vs. German Shepherd Dog Adaptability

Hot Weather Tolerance

Both breeds can tolerate moderate heat, but precautions should be taken in hot weather. Ensure they have access to shade and water to prevent overheating.

Cold Weather Tolerance

Both Bohemian Shepherds and German Shepherds are well-suited to cold weather. Their double coats provide insulation, keeping them warm in chilly conditions.

Bohemian Shepherd vs. German Shepherd Dog Temperament

Looking for a Perfect Family Dog?

Bohemian Shepherd: These dogs are affectionate and loyal to their families. They get along well with children and can be a great addition to a family.

German Shepherd: German Shepherds are known for their protective nature and make excellent family dogs. They are loyal, and obedient, and often form strong bonds with their owners.

Guarding Behavior

Both breeds have a natural inclination toward guarding, which makes them excellent watchdogs. They are alert and protective of their homes and loved ones.

Health and Grooming Needs

Bohemian Shepherds : 

  • Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for monitoring health and addressing difficulties promptly.
  • Bohemian Shepherds need regular brushing of their medium-length double coat to prevent matting and shedding.
  • When required, bathe, but not too often, to avoid stripping the coat of its natural oils.
  • Ear infections are common in Bohemian Shepherds, therefore they need regular cleaning and checking.
  • Trim their nails every few weeks to avoid overgrowth and pain.
  • Brushing or giving dental chews is important for oral health.
  • This breed has strong herding instincts, thus exercise and mental stimulation are needed to avoid boredom.

German Shepherds

  • Regular veterinary checkups are essential for German Shepherds to detect and prevent health issues.
  • German Shepherds’ dense double coats need frequent brushing to prevent shedding and keep them healthy.
  • Bathe them when needed and clean their ears to prevent infections.
  • They need regular nail clipping for movement and comfort.
  • Cleaning their teeth or utilizing dental products helps avoid dental disorders.
  • German Shepherds need early socialization and obedience training to be well-behaved and adjusted because of their devotion and protective tendencies.
  • Their health depends on frequent physical and mental exercise, and agility and obedience training are great for them.

What About Shedding?

Bohemian Shepherd: These dogs shed moderately throughout the year. Regular brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

German Shepherd: German Shepherds are known for shedding seasonally and can have heavy shedding periods. They require frequent brushing, especially during shedding seasons.

Drooling Potential?

Neither breed is prone to excessive drooling, making them a good choice for those who prefer tidy companions.


Both Bohemian Shepherds and German Shepherds are highly trainable due to their intelligence and eagerness to please. They excel in obedience training and can learn a wide range of commands.

Do Bohemian Shepherds and German Shepherd Dogs Need a Lot of Physical Activity?

Both breeds require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are essential for their well-being. German Shepherds, with their higher energy levels, may need more vigorous activities like agility training.

German Shepherd vs Bohemian Shepherd As a Working Dog Comparison:

German Shepherd:

  • Versatility

As working dogs, German Shepherds are known for their ability to do many different jobs. They do well in many jobs, such as being police dogs, search-and-rescue dogs, herding dogs, and guide dogs for people who can’t see.

They are very smart and easy to train, which makes them one of the best choices for jobs that involve problem-solving and learning quickly.

  • Stamina

German Shepherds have a lot of energy and can do hard physical work for a long time.

  • Loyalty and protectiveness

They are great guard dogs because they are loyal and have instincts to protect.

Bohemian Shepherd

  • Herding instincts

Bohemian Shepherds are best known for their ability to keep animals together. They have natural abilities that help them lead and protect livestock.

  • Agility

They are quick and nimble on their feet, which is helpful when working with animals in rough terrain.

  • Adaptability

Bohemian Shepherds may not have as many jobs as German Shepherds, but they are flexible and do a great job at herding and farm-related chores.

German Shepherd vs Bohemian Shepherd Reproducibility Comparison

German Shepherd:

  • Popularity

The German Shepherd is one of the most well-known and famous dog breeds in the world. Their high rate of reproduction is partly due to how popular they are.

  • Breeding Programs

Because German Shepherds are so famous and can do so many things, there are a lot of breeding programs that focus on making good ones.

German Shepherds are easy to find at shelters, rescue groups, and breeders who have excellent reputations.

Bohemian Shepherd:

  • Rarity

Compared to German Shepherds, Bohemian Shepherds aren’t as common. They are not as common outside of where they came from.

  • Specialized Breeders

Because Bohemian Shepherds are rare, it may be harder to find reputable breeders.

  • Import Considerations

In some places, you may have to import a Bohemian Shepherd from a place where the breed is  more common.

Expense CategoryGerman Shepherd Cost (2023)Bohemian Shepherd Cost (2023)
Puppy Purchase Price$800 – $2,500+$500 – $1,500+
Food and NutritionVaries based on dietVaries based on diet
Grooming and SuppliesVaries based on grooming needs (brushes, shampoos, etc.)Varies based on grooming needs
Veterinary CareAnnual check-ups, vaccinations, and potential health issuesAnnual check-ups, vaccinations, and potential health issues
Training and ClassesVaries based on training needsVaries based on training needs
Licensing and FeesVaries by locationVaries by location
Pet InsuranceOptional, cost varies based on coverageOptional, cost varies based on coverage
Total Estimated Annual Cost$1,000 – $3,000+$800 – $2,500+


There is no definitive victor when it comes to comparing the Bohemian Shepherd and the German Shepherd. Both breeds possess unique characteristics that cater to various lifestyles and personal preferences.

When considering whether to choose a Bohemian Shepherd or a German Shepherd, it’s important to take into account your lifestyle, personal preferences, and the level of activity you can provide for your beloved companion. Bohemian Shepherds are an excellent option for families seeking a devoted and watchful companion that doesn’t require excessive physical activity.

German Shepherds are an excellent choice for individuals seeking a highly intelligent and adaptable canine companion. They possess remarkable trainability and unwavering loyalty. The Bohemian Shepherd is renowned for its unwavering loyalty and its preference for moderate exercise, making it an excellent option for families.

However, the German Shepherd’s intelligence and adaptability make it an excellent choice for individuals seeking a dog that is easy to train and will provide unwavering loyalty. Regardless of the breed you select, you can expect to have a devoted and affectionate companion who will greatly enhance your life in numerous ways.

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